英语美文30篇(总29)——Gettysburg Address 葛底斯堡演说

 英国基地     |      2021-08-21 09:43
本文摘要:Gettysburg AddressFourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.Now, we are engaged in a great civil war, tes

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Gettysburg AddressFourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth upon this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.Now, we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us---that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion; that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from the earth.译文:在葛底斯堡的演说87年前,我们的先辈们在这个大陆上建立了一个新国家,它孕育于自由之中,推行一切人生来平等的原则。现在我们正从事一场伟大的内战,以磨练这个国家,或者任何一个孕育于自由和推行上述原则的国家是否能够恒久存在下去。

我们在这场战争中的一个伟大战场上聚会会议。义士们为使这个国家能够生存下去而献出了自己的生命,我们来到这里,是要把这个战场的一部门奉献给他们作为最后安息之所。我们这样做是完全应该而且是很是恰当的。

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可是,从更广泛的意义上来说,这块土地我们不能够奉献,不能够圣化,不能够神化。那些曾在这里战斗过的勇士们,在世的和去世的,已经把这块土地圣化了,这远不是我们微薄的气力所能增减的。我们今天在这里所说的话,全世界不大会注意,也不会恒久地记着,但勇士们在这里所做过的事,全世界却永远不会忘记。

毋宁说,倒是我们这些还在世的人,应该在这里把自己奉献于勇士们已经如此高贵地向前推进但尚未完成的事业。倒是我们应该在这里把自己奉献于仍然留在我们眼前的伟大任务——我们要从这些庆幸的死者身上罗致更多的献身精神,来完成他们已经完全彻底为之献身的事业;我们要在这里下定最大的刻意,不让这些死者白白牺牲;我们要使国家在上帝福佑下获得自由的新生,要使这个民有、民治、民享的政府永世长存。


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